Child care, child minding, or daycare is the caring for and administration of a child or children, usually from age six weeks to thirteen. Child care is the act or skill of looking after children by a day-care center, nannies, babysitter, teachers or other providers. Child care is a broad topic that covers a wide range of specialists, institutes, situations, happenings, social and cultural conventions. Early child care is an equally significant and often ignored constituent of child development. Child care providers can be our children’s first teachers and therefore play an essential role in our systems of early childhood education. Quality care from a young age can have a massive influence on the future successes of children.
Usually, children are taken care of by their parents, legal guardians or siblings. Cross-culturally, children caring for children are very conjoint. This informal care contains verbal direction and other explicit training regarding the child’s actions and is often as simple as “keeping an eye out” for younger siblings. Care facilitated by similar-aged children covers a variety of developmental and psychological effects in both caregivers and charge. This caregiving role may also be taken on by the child’s extended family. Instead of familial caregiving, these responsibilities may be given to paid-caretakers, orphanages or foster homes to provide care, housing, and schooling.
It is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, values, beliefs, and habits. Educational methods include storytelling, discussion, teaching, training, and directed research. Education frequently takes place under the guidance of educators, but learners may also educate themselves. Learning can take place in formal or informal settings and any experience that has a formative effect on the way one thinks, feels, or acts may be considered educational. The methodology of teaching is called pedagogy.
Concept of Education
“The education has been oldest of the art and youngest of the professions.”
Education as a process
Education is a process. Process means continuous changes that take place through which a child attains knowledge, skills, attitudes, and other abilities required for leading a productive life in the society, as a product, education is the aggregate of what is learned through learning, i.e., the knowledge skills, ideas, and values. Educative process teacher can bring out the hidden talents in the child by way of creating a conducive environment.
Education as a bipolar process
Education as a bipolar process believes that education is an end effect of the interface between the educator or teacher and the student. Teacher communicates knowledge to the students with an intention to change latter’s performance. Educationalists like Adams and Ross have faith in that education is fundamentally a bipolar process and endorses close co-operation and better understanding between the teachers and students for achieving the aims of education.
Education as tri-polar process
A substantial proportion of educationalists believe that education is a tri-polar process involving the interaction between the student, the teacher, and the social environment, John Dewey supposed that education is necessarily a tripolar process. This view driven educationalist to consider the social change and social situation while constructing the curriculum.
Education as a multi-polar process
To cope with the fast-moving and competitive nature of the world, one has to wake up the accountability for his or her own education. This new self-learning concept of education is influenced by several factors along with the teacher, student, and the social environment. Easy access to knowledge due to the technological progression and the increased acceptance of non-formal and informal types of education has reduced the standing of teacher and school when compared to past. Different from the past, present-day education is flexible; more students centered, focused on creativity than simple spoon feeding by the teacher and depend heavily on technological advancements.
Education as a lifelong process
Education is now understood not as referring to an initial period of training of youth, but to a continual and enduring process. It is not something that concerns itself with particular aims or attitudes nor does its responsibility end with devising some classroom technique for the teacher. Education today aims at uplifting itself to the level of a multipart and comprehensive science with border objectives.
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